Friday, January 31, 2014

Great Personalities of Grand Indian History

‘Punjab Keshari’ Lalalajpat Rai'
(1) On 28th January 1865 the great freedom fighter ‘Punjab Kesari’ was born in Moga, Punjab.
(2) He along with Balgangadhar Tilak and Vipinchandra Pal, first of all, raised the demand of the complete independence. These three are known as ‘Lal-Bal-Pal’. He was the first president of All India Trade Union Confederation (AITUC).
(3) In collaboration with Swami Dayanand, he made the Arya Samaj popular in Punjab and established the DAV schools and colleges.
(4) He was badly injured with the lathi furlongs by the Englishmen during the struggle/ movement against the ‘Simon Commission’ and became a martyr on 17th November 1928.

Karpoori Thakur
(1) On 24th January 1924 Karpoori Thakur was born in the village Pitaujhia (Now Karpoori Gram) Samastipur, Bihar.
(2) He had been continuous since 1952 the member of Bihar Legislative Assembly excluding the period when he was a member of the Lok Sabha in 1977.
(3) He had been twice the Chief Minister of Bihar.
(4) He in 1978 provided reservation for backward classes in the state government jobs.
(5) He was the first non-congress Chief Minister. He always fought against the exploitation in society and injustice.

Hargovind Khuranna
(1) On 9th January, 1922 Nobel winner scientist Hargovind Khuranna was born in Raipur, Multan (Pakistan).
(2) He was the first scientist to state the role of nucleoid in the protein synthesis. He stated that the genetic code with the protein synthesis in the cell ascertain all the activities of life.
(3) He along with his team synthesised the first artificial copy of ‘Khameer Gene’.
(4) He was conferred the Nobel Prize in 1968.
(5) He died on 9th November, 2011 in Massachusetts (USA).

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
(1) On 13th November,1780 Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born Gujranwala (now in Pakistan).
(2) He was famous as ‘Sher-e-Punjab.’
(3) He was founder of the Sikh Empire. From 1801 to1839 he ruled and never remained subject to the English rule.
(4) The Kohinoor Diamond was the sparkling item of his treasure.
(5) He got the Harmandar Sahib Gurudwara adorned with gold and since that time it is called “ Swarn Mandir.”
(6) On 7th June,1839 he died in Lahore where his mausoleum lies even today.

Sohrab Modi
(1) On 2nd November, 1897 filmy hero, producer and director Sohrab Modi was born in Mumbai.
(2) He started work in dramas in 1924. He was famous for bold voice.
(3) He was ahead amongst all in making historical films. Under the banner of his film company Minerva Movietone he produced hit films like ‘Sikander’ and ‘Pukar’. He made the first technical film ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’. He was presented the President’s Gold Medal for ‘Mirza Ghalib.’
(4) In 1980 he was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award.
(5) On 28th January 1984, he left the world forever.

Ashapurna Devi
(1) On 8th January 1909 Ashapurna Devi, the litterateur of Bengali language was born in Kolkatta in West Bengal.
(2) She never went to school but started the writing work at the age of 13.
(3)The distinction of her writing is itself her own style.
(4) She was the first woman writer to be conferred ‘Gyanpith Award’ for ‘Pratham Pratishruti’ in 1976 and in the same year, also conferred ‘Padamshree’.
(5) She died on 13th July 1995.

Shree Raman Maharshi
(1) On 30th December, 1879 Shree Raman Maharshi was born in Tiruchulli (Madurai, Tamilnadu). His father named him Venkatraman Ayyair.
(2) He did not take initiation from anyone and nor had he a preceptor (Guru). Dedication to spirituality automatically arose in him and he went to Arunachala hill for deep meditation.
(3) He heavily stressed on the self thinking. He is known as Shant Rishi (sage) not only in India but also abroad. Even today people go to his Ashram for self peace.
(4)He renounced his body in Raman Ashram on 14th April, 1950.

Udham Singh
(1) On 26th December, 1899 Shahid Uddham Singh was born in Sunam (District-Sangrur, Punjab).
(2) He vowed to take avenge/revenge after the brutal murder of innocent Indians on the order of General Dyer in Jaliyanwala Bag (Park) in 1919.
(3) On 13th March 1940 after 21 years of this incident, he opened the bullet on General Dyer in the going on a meeting of ‘Royal Central Asian Society’ in the Caxton Hall. With the hit of two bullets General Dyer died. Thus he took avenge/revenge.
(4) On 31st July 1940, he was hanged in Pentonville Jail. In 1974 after 34 years his remains were brought to Indian.

Womesh Chandra Banerjee
(1) On 29th December 1844 Womesh Chandra Banerjee, a lawyer and the first President of the Indian National Congress was born in Kolkatta.
(2) He after the foundation of the Indian National Congress in 1885 became its first President.
(3) He, in 1883, filed the case in the Calcutta High Court to defend Surendra Nath Banerjee.
(4) He was the first Indian to contest the election of British House of Commons. He was very much affected with the British Rule in India. While living in England he aided to the Indian National Movement.
(5) On 21st, July 1906 he died in England.

Amin Sayani
(1) On 21st December 1932, Amin Sayani was born in Mumbai.
(2) He is called the magician of voice and the first Radio Jockey of the radio history.
(3) The first time presenting the programme of Binaca Geetmala in 1951 from Radio Ceylon made not only the film world but also the whole Nation fond of himself.
(4) He presented the Cibaca (earlier called Binaca) Geetmala Programme for 42 years. Further he also presented more than 54 thousands radio programmes.
(5) He was honoured with ‘Dada Saheb Phalke’ Award in 2003 and ‘Padamshree’ in 2009. The Limca Book of records honoured him with the Person of the Year in 1992. He is fit and fine.

Maharishi Valmiki
(1) There was a dacoit named Ratnakar. One day in course of an attempt to rob the Narad Munni he was acknowledged that the family for which he was doing the crime was not copartner of his sin. Having known this truth he involved in penance leaving this crime.
(2) He was told to chant Ram Ram but he could not say it. Then he was told by Narada to chant Mara-Mara. He became Rishi (sage) by chanting this very Mara-Mara word.
(3) Insects covered his lost in meditation body by making their duh (shelter). When he after meditation left the Insects duh, known as Valmiki, he began to be called Valmiki.
(4) He wrote the Sri Ram Story which is also called Valmiki Ramayan.

Saiyyad Mustak Ali
(1) On 17th December 1914 the cricketer Saiyyad Mustak Ali was born in Madhya Pradesh.
(2) He was the right-hander opener batsman and he has the credit to make Ist century on the foreign land when he played an inning of 112 runs against England in Manchester (Britain).
(3) He played role in the International cricket from 1934 to 1952. In the short carrier of 11 test matches he scored two centuries and took three wickets
(4) He played his last test match against England in Chennai and India was first time victorious in that match.
(5) He died on 18th June, 2005 in Indore.

Nek Chand Sainee-Rock Garden
(1) On 15th August 1924, Nek Chand Saini, the artificer of Chandigarh Rock Garden was born in Barian Kala, Lahore (Pakistan).
(2) While working as road inspector, to fulfil his hobby he gathered the broken objects in the jungle and with which started making different shapes. He continued to do it silently for 18 years.
(3) Dr. M S Randhawa named it Rock Garden. On 24th January, 1976 he formally inaugurated it.
(4) He by virtue of this work afforded a new recognition to Chandigarh. He for this priceless role was conferred Padamshree. He was also made Rock Gardens in the foreign countries.

Raj Kapoor
(1) On 14th December, 1924 the filmy hero, film producer and director Raj Kapoor was born in Peshawar (Pakistan).
(2) He is considered as the first show-man of the film industry. He remained popular for the bold scenes in his films. He was popular in many countries including Russia and China.
(3) He started his career as Spot Boy. As a hero-producer-director his first film was ‘AAG.’ He founded the R K studio. ‘Awara’, ‘Shree 420’, ‘Mera Nam Joker,’ ‘Sangam,’ ‘Boot palish’ etc. are his famous films.
(4) He was awarded five Film Fare Award, Padambhushan (1971) and Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1987).
(5) On 2nd June, 1988 he died in Mumbai.

Josh Malihabadi
(1) On 5th December, 1894 Shair (poet) Josh Malihabadi was born in Malihabad Panchayat of Lucknow.
(2) He has conferred the title of Shair-e-Inqalab in the British period for Njhms flavored with revolt.
(3) The real name of this 20th century famous poet was Shabbir Hassan Khan.
(4) He was conferred Padambhushan in 1954 but he went to Pakistan in 1958 to boost Urdu literature.
(5) He died on 22nd February, 1982 in Islamabad (Pakistan).

Alfred Bernhard Nobel
(1) On 21st October 1833 Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm (Sweden).
(2) He started Nobel Prize for the extraordinary contribution in different fields in 1895.
(3) It was he who invented the explosive named Dynamite in 1867.
(4) He established the trust with an amount of 312.25 lakh Swedish Kronor (about $250M) for such prize.
(5) He died in San Remo (Italy) on 10th December 1896.

Harivansh Rai Bachchan
(1) On 27th November, 1907 poet Hari Vansh Rai Bachchan was born in Allahabad. He substituted his name Shrivastava by Bachchan after doing Ph.D.
(2) He became famous in the literal world after the publication of ‘Madhushala.’ ‘Madhukalash’, ‘Nisha Nimantran’, ‘Nid Ka Nirman Phir’ etc. are his important creations. He got Sahitya Academy Award for ‘Do Cattaneo’ and Saraswati Samman for the autobiography. He was conferred ‘Padam Bhushan’ in 1976.
(3) He wrote his last poem ‘Ek November 1984’ on the assassination of Indira Gandhi. He was also the member of the Rajya Sabha.
(4) He died on 18th January 2003 in Mumbai.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar
(1) Architect of newly independent India’s dream of gaining a firm foothold in the arena of science and technology.
(2) A man who brought into existence the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research that has today grown to become one of the largest networks of scientific laboratories around the world.
(3)Tale of a towering personality who moulded his own destiny and transcended his circumstances.
(4) A story of a fatherless infant who struggled and triumphed against all odds.
(5) A great human story about a scientist who was a poet at heart, a wonderful husband and father, a guru who led from the front, a dreamer of dreams, an indefatigable worker and a karmayogi par excellence.

Dr. Subrahmanayam Chandrashekhar
(1) On 19th October 1910 Nobel winner, Dr. Subrahmanayam Chandrashekhar was born in Lahore (Pakistan).
(2) He propounded the theory about constellations named ‘White Dwarf’ which is known as ‘Chandrashekhar limit.’
(3) He stated that stars are stable and they never vanish.
(4) In 1962 he was conferred ‘Royal Medal’ by Royal Society of London. In 1966 he was presented US National Medal of Science.
(5) In 1983 he was presented the Nobel Prize for Physics.
(6) He was the managing editor of the Astrophysics Journal from 1952 to 1971. He died on 21st August, 1995.

Ali Sardar Jafri
(i) On 29th November 1913 the poet, revolutionary critic and thinker Ali Sardar Jaffri was born in Gonda (Uttar Pradesh).
(ii) Then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee took with him his prose selection ‘Sarhad’ during his Lahore Bus Journey.
(iii) He was awarded Gyanpith Award in year 1997 for important contribution in enriching Urdu poetry and Indian literature.
(iv) His poetry was translated into Russian, Ujbecki, Persian, English, French, Arbi and other Indian languages.
(v) On 1st August, 2000 he died in Mumbai.

Jagdish Chandra Bose
(i) On 30th November the famous botanist Jagdish Chandra Bose was born in Faridpur, Dhaka (Bangladesh).
(ii) The first time in the world he displayed the wireless communication through radio waves (two years before the display of Marcony).
(iii) He was the first scientist to establish that plants have also life.
(iv) In 1917 he was conferred the Title of Knight and selected fellow of the Royal Society of London. He established Bose Research Institute and remained the Director thereof till 1937.
(v) On 23rd November, 1937 he died in Giridih (Jharkhand).

Hirendranath Mukherjee
(i) On 23 November, 1907 politician, educationist and advocate Hirendranath Mukherjee was born in Kolkatta .
(ii) He had been the member of Lok Sabha from Ist session 1952 to fifth session 1977. In 1936 he became the member of the Communist Party and worked till last breath.
(iii) He was conferred Padma Bhushan in 1990 and Padma Vibhushan in 1991.
(iv) He was conferred the fellowship of Doctorate three times.
(v) He delivered the lectures on the invitations of the own country and foreign universities. He was the member of IPTA and other Unions.
(vi) He died on 30th July 2004 in Kolkata.

Martyr Laxman Nayak
(i) On 22nd November, 1899 Laxman Nayak was born in Koraput (Orissa).He belongs to Bhuiya Tribe.
(2) He organized and led the Adivasis for the freedom movement and against the bonded labor. The Adivasis used to call him Gandhi of Malkangiri.
(3) On 21st August, 1942 he was arrested during peaceful movement. He was falsely charged with the murder of G. Ramaya.
(4) He was sentenced to death by the Koraput Court and was sent to Berhampur jail.
(5) He was hanged to death on 29th March 1943.

Vidyapati-The First Propounder of Deshil Baiyana
Near about 1360 Vidhapatti was born in Bisfi village of Mithila. His father Ganpatti Thakur was the royal priest of King Gagneshwar Thakur. So Vidhapatti used to visit the Raj-Darwar in his childhood. He while living in the Raj Darbar of King Kirti Singh started the creative work. The vernal round for the composition of songs came in the regime of King Shiv Singh. The combined sweet patronage of the wise king Shiv Singh and Queen Lakhima-his treasure of love beauty inspired Vidyapati to compose many makeup lyrics. He saw the image of Krishna in King Shiv Singh and of Radha in Queen Lakhima. The suite attendants began singing of these songs.

Govind Vallabh Pant
(1) On 10th September 1887, the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Bharat Ratna Govind Vallabh Pant was born in Almora (Now Uttarakhand).
(2) He played very important role in providing Hindi language the status of the State language and elimination of the Zamindari System. He did the advocacy for the accused (nationalist) of Kakori Conspiracy case.
(3) He also became the Home Minister in 1955 after the death of Home Minister Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.
(4) He was conferred Bharat Ratna in 1957.
(5) He died of heart attack on 7th March, 1961.

Dr. Mokshgundam Vishveshwaraya
(1) Born on 15th September, 1860 the Engineer Day is celebrated in the memory and respect of the famous Indian engineer Bharat Ratna Dr. Mokshgundam Vishveshwaraya.
(2) He was the Chief Engineer of the Krishnaraj Sagar Bandh on the Kaveri river. His theory was also implemented in Adan (South Yaman).
(3) The credit goes to him for Bhadrawati Steel Yojana and even in the building of the bank on the Moossa river in Hyderabad. Even in the age of 92 he performed the duty of selecting the spot for the bridge over the Ganga to be built by Nehru.
(4) In 1955 he was conferred Bharat Ratna.
(5) He died on 14th April, 1962 at the age of 102.

M. S. Subbulaxmi
(1) On 16th September, 1916 M. S. Subbulaxmi, the first woman Bharat Ratna singer and synonymous with Karnatak Music, was born in Madurai.
(2) She at the age of 17 years she started presentation of programmes on the prestigious platforms. From the Prime-Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru to Swar Empress Latta Mangeshkar all were fond of her music.
(3) She was conferred Padambhushan in 1954, Sangit Natak Academy Prize in 1956, Reman Magsaysay Award in 1974, Padam Vibhushan in 1975, Kailash Award in 1988, and Bharat Ratna in 1998.
(4) She died on 11th,December 2004 in Chennai.

Sharat Chandra Bose
(1) On 6th September, 1889 Sharat Chandra Bose , the founder of the Socialist Republican Party was born in Kolkatta. He was the elder brother of Subhas Chandra Bose.
(2) In 1911 he studied law in Britain. Later on, he associated with freedom movements and having joined the Congress participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement. In 1936 he was elected the President of Bengal Pradesh Congress.
(3) He helped his brother Subhash Chandra Bose information of Azad Hind Fouz. He was the minister in the 1946 interim Government.
(4) After independence he led the Forward Block of Subhash Chandra Bose and he established the Socialist Republican Party.

Dada Bhai Naoroji
(1) On 4th September, 1825 Dada Bhai Naoroji, the founder of the Indian National Congress was born.
(2) He is also known as the grand old man of India.
(3) In 1892 he was chosen by the Liberal Party for the House of Commons, the British Parliament. He was the first Asian Parliamentarian.
(4) He was the first man to get Indian Company established in Britain.
(5) He died on 30th June 1917 in Mumbai.

Jawaharlal Nehru
(1) On 14th November, 1889 the first Prime-Minister Bharat Ratna Jawahar Lal Nehru was born in Anand Bhavan in Allahabad.
(2) Children loving ‘Chacha Nehru’s birthday is celebrated as Bal Diwas.
(3) After getting higher education in London he joined and led the freedom movements.
(4) He was sent to Jail eight times. In jail he wrote-‘Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of World History’, ‘My Story’ books. He was one of the founders of the Non-align Movement.
(5) On 27th May, 1964 he died in New Delhi.

Marie Curie
(1) On 7th November 1867 the radium woman Marie Curie was born in Warsaw (Poland). Her primary name was Maria Sklodowska.
(2) She is the first woman to receive two Nobel Prizes. In 1903 She got the Nobel Prize for physics together with her husband Piyare Querry and in 1898 for the discovery of radioactive element- polonium.
(3) She got the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1911 for the discovery of the radium.
(4) Her elder daughter Irin got the Nobel Prize in 1935 for chemistry and younger daughter Eva got the Nobel Prize in 1965 for peace.
(5) On 4th July, 1934 she died.

James Naismith
(1) On 6th November 1861 James Naismith, inventor of the basketball game, was born in Almanto (Cannada).
(2) In 1891 he worked as a physical education teacher started the basketball game with two pitch baskets and football.
(3) In 1892 he made its rules. In 1893 he used the hanging basket with iron hook. Every time the ball was to be taken out after dropping inside it.
(4) On 28th November, 1939 he died in Kansas.

Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
(1) On 5th November, 1870 the freedom fighter Chitranjan Das was born in Kolkatta and people call him Deshbandhu with love.
(2) He was the great nationalist and jurist. He did pairvi to Arvind Gosh, an accused in Alipur Conspiracy case. He was presided the Congress conference in 1921. He was appointed the President of the Indian National Congress in 1922.
(3) He was the founder of the Swaraj Party.
(4) He died on 16th June, 1925. On his death Rabindranath Tagore wrote: ‘Anechhile sathe kare mirtuhin pran, marne tahaye tumi kare gale dan’.

Swami Ramtirth
(1) On 22nd October 1873, Swami Ramtirth was born in Gujranwala (Pakistan).His real name was Tirath Ram.
(2) He was the living statue of Vedant. He was imminent for the teaching of the personal and epic types of the practical Vedanta.
(3) In 1897(Lahore) he being influenced with the speech of Vivekanand became Swami Ramtirth from professor.
(4) He in his short span of life (32) established himself as a social reformer, vibrant orator,eminent writer and elegant saint.
(5) He died on 17th October,1906 on the day of Diwali.

Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi
(1) Journalist and freedom fighter Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi was born on 26th October 1890, in Allahabad.
(ii) His first write-up “ Aatmosarg” was published in the Saraswati.
(iii) He worked in the Saraswati of Mahabir Prasad Dwivedi and thereafter became the sub-editor of the letter “Abhyudai” of Madan Mohan Malviya.
(iv) In 1913 he started “Pratap”weekly from Kanpur which became the means for the revolutionary thoughts and freedom of expression. Bhagat Singh was also associated with it. The English had censored it but it on behest of the public continued to be a daily newspaper.
(v) He died on 25thMarch, 1931 in course of saving the people in the riot.

Football King -Pele
(1) On 23rd October, 1940 Peley, Betaj Badshah of Football was born in Tress Coracose (Brazil).
(2) His full name is Edson Arantes Do Nascimento and was called Dicko in the family.
(3) He played his first International match against Argentina in 1957 and became a player at the shortest age of sixteen years to make a goal.
(4) He was chosen in 1999 the player of Century. He has the world record of goals of 1281 out of 1363 matches.
(5) He was the only player of the team who won three world cups ( 1958,1962,1970). He got Brazil victorious in the world cup while remaining the Coach.

Alfred Bernhard Nobel
(1) On 21st October 1833 Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born in Stockholm (Sweden).
(2) He had in 1895 instituted the Nobel Prize for outstanding work (contribution) in different fields.
(3) None other than he in 1867 invented the Dynamite Explosive.
(4) For this prize, Nobel had established a trust with the amount of 312.25 lacs Swedish Kronor ($250 million).
(5) He died on 10th December 1896 in San Remo (Italy).

Captain Dr. Laxmi Sahgal
(1) On 24th October 1914, the Padam Vibhushan Captain Dr. Laxmi Sahgal was born in Madras (Chennai).
(2) After being a doctor she in 1940 organised the medical camp for labourers in Singapore.
(3) In 1943 in Singapure she joined the Azad Hind Army after having a meeting with Subhash Chandra Bose.
(4) In 1943 she became the Captain of the Rani Jhansi Regiment and again the Colonel thereof. She formed an Army of 500 women.
(5) In 1971 she became the member of the Rajya Sabha and was conferred the Padam Vibhushan. She contested the election of the President at the age of 88.
(6) She died on 23rd July, 2012 in Kanpur.

Feroz Jahangir Gandhi
(1) Eminent freedom fighter and journalist Feroz Gandhi was born on 12th September,1912 in Bombay in a Parsi family.
(2) In 1920 he came to Allahabad. He remained in jail in 1930 along with Lal Bahadur Shashtri and in 1932 & 1933 along with Jawahar Lal Nehru.
(3) He was married to Indira Gandhi in 1942.
(4) After independence he became Managing Director of “The National Herald” and the first chairman of Indian Oil Corporation.
(5) He won the Lok Sabha elections in 1952 and 1957 from Rae Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh).
(6) He was known as opposition to Nehru in the Lok Sabha.
(7) He died of heart attack on 8th September, 1960 in Delhi.

Lal Bahadur Shashtri
(1) Jai Jawan Jai Kisan - the mother of this slogan “Bharatratna Lal Bahadur Shashtri was born in Mughalsarai(Uttar Prades) India on 2nd October,1904.
(2) He resigned on the ground of morality taking the accountability of a rail accident in 1956 while he was Rail Minister.
(3) On 9th june,1964 he became Prime-Minister of India after the death of Jawahar Lal Nehru.
(4) He played a great role in compelling to surrender of Pakistan in 1965 War.
(5) He had gone to Tashkand (Russia)to hold talk with Pakistan.He died there on 11th January,1966.

Mahatma Gandhi
(1) On 2nd October 1869 Rashtrapitta Mahatma Gandhi was born in Probander (Gujarat)India.
(2) In the memory of Gandhijee, teacher of Ahinsa to the world,United Nations organisation announced in 2007 to celebrate 2nd October as “Ahinsa Diwas”.
(3) Gandhijee did first successful test of Satyagrah in champaran(Bihar)India.
(4) He, preacher/worshiper of peace, was shot dead on 30th January,1948 in Delhi.

Feroz Jahangir Gandhi
(1) Eminent freedom fighter and journalist Feroz Gandhi was born on 12th September,1912 in Bombay in a Parsi family.
(2) In 1920 he came to Allahabad. He remained in jail in 1930 along with Lal Bahadur Shashtri and in 1932 & 1933 along with Jawahar Lal Nehru.
(3) He was married to Indira Gandhi in 1942.
(4) After independence he became Managing Director of “The National Herald” and the first chairman of Indian Oil Corporation.
(5) He won the Lok Sabha elections in 1952 and 1957 from Rae Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh).
(6) He was known as opposition to Nehru in the Lok Sabha.
(7) He died of heart attack on 8th September, 1960 in Delhi.

Raja Rammohan Roy
(1) On 27th September,1833 Raja Rammohan Roy founder of modern Indian society died in England.
(2) He was born on 22 May,1772 in Radhanagar (West Bengal). He was conferred the title of "RAJA" on behalf of The Mughal Emperor.
(3) He is known as Eradicator/Eliminator of Sati Custom( Pratha).
(4) He founded Brahm Samaj on 20th August,1828.
(5) He was opposed to Idol worship and rituals.He tried to make Indian society modern by abolishing the rigidity,conservatism and superstition( blind faith) of India society.
(6) He was the first Indian from whom the British Parliament used to take advice.

Jatindra Nath Das
(1) On 13th September,1929 freedom fighter Jatindra Nath Das became martyr inside Lahore Jail.
(2) That time he was 24 years, 10 months and 16 days old.
(3) He was born in Calcutta (now Kolkatta) on 27th October, 1904.
(4) He,in 1921,became part of Non-Co-operation movement and first time arrested.
(5) On 15th June 1929 he was sent to Lahore Jail. He started hunger strike on 13th July against the deplorable (worse) facilities inside the jail.
(6) He became martyr remaining on 63 days continuous hunger strike.

Fardinand Maigellan - Earth is not square, it is round
(1) On 20 September, 1519 Portugali Sea traveller Fardinand Maigellan started his journey from Spain to travel around(Parikrama) the earth through sea way. Only after this journey it was found that the earth is not choukaur but round.
(2) 270 people in five ships remained on the continuous three years tuff(courageous) journey.
(3)It was the Fardinand Maigellan who named Prashant Mahasagar.
(4) This journey ended in September 1522 when 18 remaining travellers returned to Spain.

Michael Faraday‎
(1) On 22nd September ,1791 the British scientist Myckael Faraide, the inventor of Electric Motor was born in the northern London.
(2) In 1821 he propounded the theory of electric motor.
(3) In 1831 he prepared the first Dianomo.
(4) He was the Fairade who propounded the Rules of Electrolysis that are known as Rules of Fairade.
(5) He died on 25th August,1867.

Rashtrakavi “Dinkar”
"Lekin hota bhoodol,babandar oothte hai,
Janta jab kopakul ho bhrikuti chadhati hai;
Do rah, samay ke rath ka gharghar-nad suno,
Singhashan khali karo ki janta aati hai."
(1) Composer of these lines Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh “Dinkar” was born on 23rd September, 1908 in village Simaria,District Begusarai( then Mungher) of Bihar. Every year in his memory on this date celebration is held in his village.
(2) In 1952 he became the member of the Rajya Sabha. From 1965 to 1971 he remained the Hindi Salahkar (advisor for hindi) to Union Government (Bharat Sarkar) .He was conferred Jyanpith award for “Urvashi”, the prose collection in 1972.
(3) He died on 24th April, 1974.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(1) On 27th September,1833 Raja Rammohan Roy, founder of modern Indian Society, died in England.
(2) He was born on 22 May,1772 in Radhanagar (West Bengal). He was conferred the title of "RAJA" on behalf of The Mughal Emperor.
(3) He is known as Eradicator/Eliminator of Sati Custom( Pratha).
(4) He founded Brahm Samaj on 20th August,1828.
(5) He was opposed to Idol worship and rituals.He tried to make Indian society modern by abolishing the rigidity, conservatism and superstition( blind faith) of India society.
(6) He was the first Indian from whom the British Parliament used to take advice.

Lata Mangeshkar
(1) Swar Kokila Bharatratna Lata Mangeshkar was born on 28th September,1929 in Indore( Madhya Pradesh).
(2) She was honoured with five Filmfare,three national awards Padambhushan(1969),Padamvibhuahan(1999),Dada Saheb Falke Purashkar(1989) amongst other awards.
(3) In 2001, she was conferred highest award "Bharatratna".
(4) Starting playing role in film at the age of 13 she upto the age of 1948 worked in eight films.
(5) Even today she sings barefoot during recording. She has record of singing highest(maximum) number of songs.

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya
(1) On 25th September 1916 Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya a successful(kushal) organiser and social server( Sevak) was born in Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh.
(2) He was one of the founders of "JANSANGH".
(3) Leaving the job after the education he began to work for Rashtriya Swyemsevak Sangh and became part of it.He bacame its President in year 1968.
(4) He founded Rashtra Dharm Prakashan Sanshthan in Lucknow and started monthly Patrika "Rashtra Dharma". Thereafter "Panchjanya"(weekly) and "Swadesh"( Daily).
(5) He was found dead in train on 11th February,1968.

Maqbool Fida Hussain
(1) The painter MAQBOOL FIDA HUSSAIN was born on 17th September 1915 in Pandharpur in Maharashtra.
(2) He was conferred Paddamshree in 1955, Padmabhusan in 1973, and Paddamvibhusan in 1991.
(3) He was nominated for the Rajya Sabha in 1986.
(4) There was controversy over his paintings for which he had to live exiled life since 2006. He also made films.
(5) During exiled life, he died on 9th june 2011 in a Hospital in London.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(1) On 26th September,1820 eminent social reformer, educationist and freedom fighter Ishwar chandra vidhasagar was born in Mednipur( west Bengal).
(2) He advocated women education and widow marriage and got women schools established.
(3) By virtue of his wisdom he was conferred the title of "vidhasagar".
(4) As a result of his efforts Widow Remarriage Act 1856 was enacted.He got his sole son married to a widow.He was opposed to polygamy(many wives) and child marriage.
(5) He died on 29th July,1891 in Calcutta( kolkata now).

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